April 25, 2019

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Easiest Vocabulary Building Method by ROOT WORDS – (Part – 3)

Easiest Vocabulary Building Method by ROOT WORDS – (Part – 3)
  Root word Meanings Origin Examples and Definitions
  de reduce, away, down, remove Latin decelerate – to slow down, reduce speed; dethrone – to remove from power; debug – to remove bugs
ten Greek decade – 10 years; decathlon – athletic contest that includes 10 disciplines in which each participant competes; December – formerly the 10th month of the Roman calendar
  deci one tenth Latin deciliter – a tenth of a liter; decimate – reduce dramatically; decibel – one tenth of the sound volume unit bel
  dem/o people Greek democracy – government of the people; demographic – the study of people; epidemic – spreading among people in a region
  demi half, less than Latin demitasse – a small cup of coffee; demimonde – someone of little respected life style
  dendr/o/i tree Greek philodendron – a climbing plant that grows on trees; dendrochronology – dating events by studying growth rings in trees; dendriform – in the shape of a tree
  dent, dont tooth Latin dental – relating to teeth; dentist – a doctor for the teeth; dentures – a set of false teeth
  derm/a skin Greek dermatologist – a doctor for the skin; pachyderm – a class of animals with very thick skin (elephant, rhinoceros); dermatitis – inflammation of the skin
  di/plo two, twice Greek dichromatic – displaying two colors; diploma – a certificate, literally “a letter folded double”; dilemma – a situation that requires a choice between two alternatives.
  di/s apart, away,
not, to the opposite
Latin digression – a departure from the main issue, subject; disappear – to move out of sight; dissect – to cut apart piece by piece.
  dia through, between,
apart, across
Greek diabetes – disease characterized by excessive thirst and discharge of urine; diagnosis – understanding a condition by going through a detailed review of symptoms; dialog – conversation between two people.
  dict speak Latin contradict – to express the opposite of; prediction – a statement foretelling the future; dictate – to speak out loud for another person to write down.
  domin master Latin dominate – to be the master of; domineering – excessively controlling; predominate – to have more power than others
  don/at give Latin donation – a contribution or gift; donor – someone who gives something; pardon – to give forgiveness for an offense
  duc/t lead Latin conduct – to lead musicians in playing music; educate – to lead to knowledge; deduction – a subtraction of an amount.
  du/o two, twice Latin duplicate – make an identical copy; duet – a musical composition for two voices or instruments; duo – a pair normally thought of as being together.
  dur harden, to last, lasting Latin durable – having the quality of lasting; duration – the length of time something lasts; enduring – able to last.
  dyn/a/am power, energy, strength Greek dynamo – a generator of energy; dynamic – having physical energy/power; dynamite – a powerful explosive.
  dys abnormal, bad Greek dyspepsia – abnormal digestion; dystopia – an imaginary place of total misery; dyslexia – impairment of the ability to handle words.
  e- out, away Latin eloquent – speaking beautifully and forcefully; emissary – a representative of a country or group sent on a mission; eject – throw out forcefully.
  ego self Latin
egoistic – self-centered; alter ego – a higher aspect of oneself; egomania – excessive preoccupation with oneself.
  em, en into, cover with, cause   empathy – intention to feel like another person; empower – put into power; engorge – make larger.
  endo within, inside Greek endotherm – a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant; endocrine – relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph; endogamy – the custom to marry within one’s clan, tribe etc.
  enn/i, anni years Latin bicentennial – of or relating to an age or period of 200 years; centennial – of or relating to an age or period of 100 years; perennial -lasting through many years.
  en, in inside, inwards Latin envision – to picture in the mind; enclose – lock inside; inwards – towards the inside.
  ep/i on, upon, over,
among, at, after,
to, outside
Greek epidemic – the rapid spread of something negative; epilogue – a short speech delivered after a play; epicenter – the center of an earthquake.
  equ/i equal, equally Latin equidistant – an equal distance from two points; equanimity – calm temperament, evenness of temper; equation – a statement of equality.
  erg/o work Greek ergonomics – study of the working environment; energy – the power to accomplish work; energetics – science that looks at energy and its transformation.
  esth/aesth feeling, sensation, beauty Latin esthetician – someone who beautifies; aesthetic – pertaining to a sense of beauty; kinesthesia – the sensation of bodily movement.
  ethno race, people Greek ethnic – pertaining to a defined group of people; ethnocentric – focusing on the ethnicity of people; ethnology – the science of people and races.
  eu good, well Greek euphemism – replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one; euphonious – having a pleasant sound; euphoria – feeling of well-being.
  ex from, out, Latin excavate – to dig out; exhale – to breathe out; extract – to pull out.
  extra, extro outside, beyond Latin extraordinary – beyond ordinary; extraterrestrial – outside the Earth; extrovert – an outgoing person.

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